How to add DMO in DirectShow filter graph

Friday Dec 10th 2010 by Mufti Mohammed
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In this article, Mufti Mohammed demonstrates how we can easily add audio effects by placing an audio DMO into the DirectShow filter graph.

Introduction.


In this article, we'll see how easily we can add a DMO (Echo) to a DirectShow filter graph. As a result, we'll get audio with Echo effect. Installed Windows SDK for 7 on Windows 7 and run GraphEdt.exe. Now, select the menu Graph-->Insert Filters. Filter window will pop up, See the Example below:

In this picture, there is a section named "DMO audio effects". There are some DMOs that we can use to add effect to our audio. In this case, I've picked up the DMO 'Echo'. Now the question is how do I know, my system has the required DMO installed. This problem can be solved if we enemerate system for audio DMOs and then select the desired one if available. The following code section demonstrate how we can enumerate system for DMO.

void EnumAudioDMO()
{
	IEnumDMO* pEnum = NULL;
	HRESULT hr = DMOEnum(
		DMOCATEGORY_AUDIO_EFFECT, // Category
		DMO_ENUMF_INCLUDE_KEYED,  // Included keyed DMOs
		0, NULL,                  // Input types (don't care)
		0, NULL,                  // Output types (don't care)
		&pEnum);

	if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
	{
		CLSID clsidDMO;
		WCHAR* wszName;
		do
		{
			hr = pEnum->Next(1, &clsidDMO, &wszName, NULL);
			if (hr == S_OK) 
			{  
				// Now wszName holds the friendly name of the DMO, 
				// and clsidDMO holds the CLSID. 

				wprintf(L"DMO Name: %s\n", wszName);
				if(wcscmp(wszName, L"Echo") == 0)
				{
					g_clsidDMO = clsidDMO;
					g_bFound = TRUE;
				}
				
				// Remember to release wszName!
				CoTaskMemFree(wszName);
			}
		} while (hr == S_OK);
		pEnum->Release();
	}
}

There is DMOEnum API to scan registry for installed DMOs. Then, checked for Echo DMO. Once It's located then it's class id can be used to insert the DMO into the DirectShow filter graph. DMO can be used in DirectShow based application but we need to provide a DMO wrapper. If we know the class identifier (CLSID) of a specific DMO that we want to use, we can initialize the DMO Wrapper filter with that DMO. In the above code snippet we already got to know the CLSID of the target DMO while enumerating the system for DMO. Follwoing part shows how we can create DMO wrapper and insert the DMO in DirectShow filter graph:

1. Call CoCreateInstance to create the DMO Wrapper filter.
2. Query the DMO Wrapper filter for the IDMOWrapperFilter interface.
3. Call the IDMOWrapperFilter::Init method. Specify the CLSID of the DMO and the GUID of the DMO's category. 4. Finally add the DMO to DirectShow Filter graph.

The following code shows, how we can build a graph with Echo DMO to add echo in audio output:

void BuildFilterGraph()
{
	CoInitialize(NULL);

	IGraphBuilder	*pGraphBuilder = NULL;
	IBaseFilter	*pFilter = NULL;
	IMediaControl	*pMediaControl = NULL;
	IMediaEventEx	*pEvt = NULL;
	
	CoCreateInstance(CLSID_FilterGraph, NULL, CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, IID_IGraphBuilder, (void **)&pGraphBuilder);

	pGraphBuilder->QueryInterface(IID_IMediaControl, reinterpret_cast(&pMediaControl));
	pGraphBuilder->QueryInterface(IID_IMediaEventEx, reinterpret_cast(&pEvt));

	if(g_bFound)	// If found then add the Echo DMO to the filter graph
	{
		HRESULT hr = CoCreateInstance(CLSID_DMOWrapperFilter, NULL, 
			CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, IID_IBaseFilter, reinterpret_cast(&pFilter));

		if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
		{
			// Query for IDMOWrapperFilter.
			IDMOWrapperFilter *pDmoWrapper;
			hr = pFilter->QueryInterface(IID_IDMOWrapperFilter, reinterpret_cast(&pDmoWrapper));

			if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
			{     
				// Initialize the filter.
				hr = pDmoWrapper->Init(g_clsidDMO, DMOCATEGORY_VIDEO_EFFECT); 
				pDmoWrapper->Release();

				if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
				{
					// Add the filter to the graph.
					hr = pGraphBuilder->AddFilter(pFilter, L"Echo");
				}
			}
		}
	}

	pGraphBuilder->RenderFile(L"C:\\Test.wmv", NULL);
	
	pMediaControl->Run();

	long evCode; 
	pEvt->WaitForCompletion(INFINITE, &evCode);

	pFilter->Release();
	pGraphBuilder->Release();
}

The following sample code shows, how we can write DirectShow application and add echo to an existing video without modifying the content.

// DMOEnumeration.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.
//

#include "stdafx.h"
#include 
#include 
#include 

CLSID	g_clsidDMO;
BOOL	g_bFound;

// Enumerate audio DMO and pick Echo, DMO
void EnumAudioDMO()
{
	IEnumDMO* pEnum = NULL;
	HRESULT hr = DMOEnum(
		DMOCATEGORY_AUDIO_EFFECT, // Category
		DMO_ENUMF_INCLUDE_KEYED,  // Included keyed DMOs
		0, NULL,                  // Input types (don't care)
		0, NULL,                  // Output types (don't care)
		&pEnum);

	if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
	{
		CLSID clsidDMO;
		WCHAR* wszName;
		do
		{
			hr = pEnum->Next(1, &clsidDMO, &wszName, NULL);
			if (hr == S_OK) 
			{  
				// Now wszName holds the friendly name of the DMO, 
				// and clsidDMO holds the CLSID. 

				wprintf(L"DMO Name: %s\n", wszName);
				if(wcscmp(wszName, L"Echo") == 0)
				{
					g_clsidDMO = clsidDMO;
					g_bFound = TRUE;
				}
				
				// Remember to release wszName!
				CoTaskMemFree(wszName);
			}
		} while (hr == S_OK);
		pEnum->Release();
	}
}

void BuildFilterGraph()
{
	CoInitialize(NULL);

	IGraphBuilder	*pGraphBuilder = NULL;
	IBaseFilter		*pFilter = NULL;
	IMediaControl	*pMediaControl = NULL;
	IMediaEventEx	*pEvt = NULL;
	
	CoCreateInstance(CLSID_FilterGraph, NULL, CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, 
		IID_IGraphBuilder, (void **)&pGraphBuilder);

	pGraphBuilder->QueryInterface(IID_IMediaControl, reinterpret_cast(&pMediaControl));
	pGraphBuilder->QueryInterface(IID_IMediaEventEx, reinterpret_cast(&pEvt));

	if(g_bFound)	// If found then add the Echo DMO to the filter graph
	{
		HRESULT hr = CoCreateInstance(CLSID_DMOWrapperFilter, NULL, 
			CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, IID_IBaseFilter, reinterpret_cast(&pFilter));

		if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
		{
			// Query for IDMOWrapperFilter.
			IDMOWrapperFilter *pDmoWrapper;
			hr = pFilter->QueryInterface(IID_IDMOWrapperFilter, reinterpret_cast(&pDmoWrapper));

			if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
			{     
				// Initialize the filter.
				hr = pDmoWrapper->Init(g_clsidDMO, DMOCATEGORY_VIDEO_EFFECT); 
				pDmoWrapper->Release();

				if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
				{
					// Add the filter to the graph.
					hr = pGraphBuilder->AddFilter(pFilter, L"Echo");
				}
			}
		}
	}

	pGraphBuilder->RenderFile(L"C:\\Test.wmv", NULL);
	
	pMediaControl->Run();

	long evCode; 
	pEvt->WaitForCompletion(INFINITE, &evCode);

	pFilter->Release();
	pGraphBuilder->Release();
}

int _tmain(int argc, _TCHAR* argv[])
{
	g_bFound = FALSE;

	EnumAudioDMO();
	BuildFilterGraph();

	return 0;
}
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