Using FileSystemWatcher

Monday Mar 24th 2003 by Bill Nolde

Create a C# program to monitor the file system for changes.

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Environment: VS7, C#, .NET

This program shows a very interesting .NET class, FileSystemWatcher. It enables you to monitor the file system for changes. A single file, a directory, even all files can be monitored. Basically, you create the class; then, you set the NotifyFilter, the starting path, the file name Filter, and event handlers for the events you want to monitor. Finally, you enable events. The event types are: changed, created, deleted, and renamed. The types of changes include changes to size, attributes, security settings, last write, and last access time. The file name Filter allows you to specify all files "", a particular file "myfile.doc", or use wild cards like "*.txt".

StartingDirectory is obvious. The only other parameter is a Boolean IncludeSubdirectories, also obvious. There are three types of event handlers, FileSystemEventHandler, RenamedEventHandler, and ErrorEventHandler.

// TODO: Add any constructor code after InitializeComponent call

m_starting_path.Text = "C:\\
watcher = new FileSystemWatcher();


// This routine fills in the FileWatcher instance with parameters.
// It checks the CheckBoxes to see what files to report on and
// what routines to use to handle the events. Then it enables
// raising events, allowing file change notification.

private void StartButtonClick(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  if (watcher.EnableRaisingEvents == true) {

watcher.Path         = m_starting_path.Text;
watcher.Filter       = m_filter.Text;
watcher.NotifyFilter = NotifyFilters.FileName |
                       NotifyFilters.Attributes |
                       NotifyFilters.LastAccess |
                       NotifyFilters.LastWrite |
                       NotifyFilters.Security |

if  (cb_changed.Checked == true)
  watcher.Changed += new FileSystemEventHandler(OnFileEvent);
else watcher.Changed -= new FileSystemEventHandler(OnFileEvent);
if (cb_created.Checked == true)
  watcher.Created += new FileSystemEventHandler(OnFileEvent);
else watcher.Created -= new FileSystemEventHandler(OnFileEvent);
if (cb_deleted.Checked == true)
  watcher.Deleted += new FileSystemEventHandler(OnFileEvent);
else watcher.Deleted -= new FileSystemEventHandler(OnFileEvent);
if (cb_renamed.Checked == true)
  watcher.Renamed += new RenamedEventHandler(OnRenameEvent);
else watcher.Renamed -= new RenamedEventHandler(OnRenameEvent);
if (cb_subdirectory.Checked == true)
  watcher.IncludeSubdirectories = true;
else watcher.IncludeSubdirectories = false;
  watcher.EnableRaisingEvents = true;    //trigger event logging


public void OnFileEvent(object source, FileSystemEventArgs fsea)
DateTime dt = new DateTime();
  dt = System.DateTime.UtcNow;
  m_file_list.Items.Add(dt.ToLocalTime() + " " +
                        fsea.ChangeType.ToString() + " " +
                        fsea.FullPath );


public void OnRenameEvent(Object source, RenamedEventArgs rea)
DateTime dt = new DateTime();
  dt = System.DateTime.UtcNow;
  m_file_list.Items.Add(dt.ToLocalTime() + " " +
                        rea.ChangeType.ToString() +
                        rea.OldFullPath+ " to " +" " +



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